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What Causes Dry Eye?

Dry, scratchy, irritated eyes. A stinging or burning sensation. Eye fatigue and sensitivity to light. Blurry vision. Sound familiar? You may know the symptoms of dry eye well, but what causes this discomfort?

Dry EyeIf you’re over 50 and a woman, you’re more likely to be affected. And if you’re over 65, your chances of dry eye are even higher. In addition, you may have had an injury or take a medication that’s causing your eyes to dry out or not produce enough tears.

  • Here’s a more detailed look at possible causes of your dry eyes:
    Medications: Some medicines you take for conditions the aren’t directly associated with your eyes can actually interfere with tear production. These include antihistamines, decongestants, blood pressure medications, and antidepressants.
  • Being a woman: The hormonal changes women experience, including during pregnancy and menopause, appear to affect dry eye. Oral contraceptives (birth control) can also play a role.
  • Medical conditions: Some health problems are linked with eye issues, including dry eye. These include rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, diabetes, and thyroid problems.
  • Environmental causes: Smoke, wind, and sun exposure can dry out your eyes, as can a dry climate.
  • Inflammation in or around the eyes: If you have a condition that causes your eyelids or surfaces of your eyes to become inflamed, your eyes may get dry.
  • Use of a computer screen: Staring at a computer screen can keep you from blinking as often as usual, which can make your eyes dry.
  • Vision treatment: Long-term use of contact lenses as well as LASIK surgery can change the moisture content of your eyes.

Fortunately, you don’t have to put up with the discomfort of dry eye. We have effective treatments to help! Learn more here.

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